aim的语法征及主要用法

发布时间:2022-06-18T13:48:27 语法教学

aim的语法征及主要用法

aim用作动词,主要表示“瞄准,针对”;用作名词,主要表示“瞄准,目标”,其语法特征和主要用法如下:

1. 不管用作名词还是动词,其后均常接介词 at。如:

He aimed his gun at the bird, but did not fire. 他用枪瞄准鸟,但没开枪。

He took aim at the bird, but missed. 他向鸟瞄准,但没射中。

When the teacher said that there was a lazy boy in the class, he was aiming at John. 当老师说班上有个不用功的孩子时,他是针对约翰说的。

The book aims at giving a general outline of this subject. 这本书的目的是要对这个问题作个大概描述。

注意:有时其后也接介词 for, 表示希望达到某个目标。如:

We should aim for the best results. 我们要力争获得最好的结果。

The factory must aim at increased [increasing] production.

The factory must aim for an increase in production. 工厂必须力求增产。

2. 其后接不定式,表示“想要做某事” (有时可与aim at doing互换)。如:

He aims to become (=at becoming) a computer expert. 他想成为计算机专家。

3. 用作名词,表示“目的”、“目标”等,是可数名词;表示“瞄准”,是不可数名词。如:

John has only one aim in life --- to be a millionaire. 约翰的人生只有一个目标,就是成为百万富翁。

Take careful aim at the target. 仔细瞄准。

4. “实现目标”在英语中要用动词 achieve, 一般不用 reach。如:

Everybody should be given the chance to achieve their aims. 要让每个人都有机会实现自己的目标。