引导的主语从句的what可修饰名词吗

发布时间:2022-06-09T17:32:23 英语语法

引导的主语从句的what可修饰名词吗

引导的主语从句的what可修饰名词吗?回答是:有时可以。这类用法具有以下几个特点:

1. 表特指

所谓表特指,就是说此时的what 在用法上大致相当于the。如:

What money I have will be yours when I die. = The money I have will be yours when I die. 我一死我的钱就都给你。

What possessions I have are yours.=The possessions I have are yours. 我的所有的财产都是你的。

2. 表“微量”

有时不仅表特指,而且还表“微量”,即含有“量不多”之意。如果将“特指”和“微量”结合起来,该结构的意思就是“虽不多,但全部”,有时可译为“仅有”。如:

What ideas he has are his wife’s. 他仅有的一点想法都是他妻子的。

What friends she has are out of the country. 她有的那些朋友全在国外。

这类“what+名词”结构并不是总具有“微量性”,即有时有,有时没有。如果要想明确或强化这种微量性特点,我们可以该结构的名词前加上表示微量的修饰语few(用于复数名词前)或little(用于不可数名词前)。如:

What few friends she has are out of the country.=The few friends she has are out of the country. 她仅有的几个朋友都在国外。

What little free time he had was spent with the family.= The little free time he had was spent with the family. 他仅有的一点空余时间都是与家人在一起度过的。