主谓一致的三个原则

发布时间:2022-05-21T09:59:12 英语语法

主谓一致的三个原则

 

1. 语法一致原则

该原则要求谓语动词必须与主语在语法形式上保持一致,即主语是单数形式,动词用单数形式,主语是复数形式,动词用复数形式:

Both my parents are doctors. 我的父母都是医生。

The living-room walls are a light yellow. 客厅的墙是淡黄色。

The two factories are in the same locality. 两家工厂都在同一个地区。

Her job is teaching French. 她的工作是教法语。

The location of the house is near the highway. 房子的地点靠近公路。

A large amount of damage was done in a short time. 短期内造成大量损害。

 

2. 意义一致原则

有时候谓语动词的数取决于主语所表示的概念,而不是其语法形式:

This news is important for us. 这条消息对我们很重要。

Paris is among the largest cities in the would. 巴黎是世界上最大的城市之一。

The thesis was about a hundred and fifty pages long. 论文有一百五十页长。

Watch out! The police are coming. 当心,警察来了。

Less people are going to university than usual. 现在上大学的人比平时少。

 

3. 就近原则

有时,谓语动词的数决定于主语中最靠近它的词语:

Either you or I am wrong. 不是你错了就是我错了。

Neither the students nor the teacher is interested in it. 老师和学生对此都不感兴趣。