表语或状语置于句首时的完全倒装

发布时间:2022-05-07T19:03:04 英语语法

表语或状语置于句首时的完全倒装

有时为了强调或者为了使句子平衡或者为了使上下文连接得更加紧密,就将表语和地点状语(多为介词短语)置于句首,谓语动词也常置于主语前,构成完全倒装。如:

By the door stood an armed guard. 门口站着一名手持武器的士兵。

At the next table was a pretty girl waiting for someone. 隔壁桌上坐着一个等人的漂亮姑娘。

Among these people was his friend Jim. 他的朋友吉姆就在这些人当中。

By the window sat a young man with a magazine in his hand. 窗户边坐着一个年轻人,手里拿着一本杂志。

At the front of the book is a table of contents, giving details of what is in the book. 书的前部有目录,详列了书中的内容。