非谓语动词的否定式

发布时间:2022-04-29T12:25:54 英语语法

非谓语动词的否定式

一、基本方法

非谓语动词的否定式通常是就在非谓语动词之前加 not 或 never。如:

Try not to make a noise. 尽量别弄出声来。

He told the children not to play in the street. 他叫孩子们不要在街上玩耍。

He apologized for his not being able to arrive on time. 他因没能按时到来而道歉。

I told him not to make a mess in the kitchen. 我叫他不要把厨房弄得乱七八槽。

Not having finished his work, he could not leave the office. 由于工作没干完他不能离开办公室。

Not having met him, I cannot tell you what he is like. 我没有见过他,所以说不出他的模样。

Not having received his letter, she decided to write to him again. 她没收到他的们,就决定再给他写一封。

二、注意之点

当前面有逻辑主语时,要放在逻辑主语与非谓语动词之间。如:

I’m surprised at your not having noticed. 我对你没有注意到感到惊奇。

Jenny’s not having been trained as a dancer is her one regret. 詹尼未被培养成一名舞蹈演员,是她的一件憾事。