动词help后的不定式何时省略to

发布时间:2022-04-29T12:25:31 英语语法

动词help后的不定式何时省略to

当动词help后接不定式用作宾语或宾语补足语时,该不定式既可以不带to,也可以不带to,即用于help (to) do sth或help sb (to) do sth。如:

I helped (to) wash the car. 我帮忙洗车。

He helped (to) do the work. 他帮助做这工作。

We helped her (to) find her things. 我们帮她找东西。

I helped him (to) repair his bike. 我帮他修自行车。

但是,如果help用于被动语态,则其后不定式必须带to。如:

The boy was helped by a woman to collect his scattered coins. 那男孩由一个妇女帮他捡拾散乱一地的钱币。

另外,当不定式为否定式时,其中的to通常不宜省略。如:

How can I help my children not to worry about their exams? 我怎样才能帮助我的孩子们不为他们的考试着急呢?

注:在美国英语中help之后的不定式多不带to。在英国英语中help之后的不定式不带to时往往有帮助者参加不定式所表动作的含义,带to时则无此含义。比较:

He helped her lift the box. 他帮她抬那箱子。(“他”参加了不定式lift所表的动作)

He helped her to mount the bicycle. 他扶她上了自行车。(“他”不参加不定式to mount所表的动作)