英语中接不定式和动名词含义相同的动词

发布时间:2022-04-29T12:24:11 英语语法

英语中接不定式和动名词含义相同的动词

有的动词后接另一动词作宾语,用作宾语的动词用不定式或动名词均可,且意义相同。这类动词主要有like(喜欢),love(喜欢),hate(憎恨),prefer(宁可),begin(开始),start(开始),continue(继续),can’t bear(不能忍受),bother(麻烦),intend(想要),attempt(试图),cease(停止)等。如:

He likes travelling [to travel] alone. 他喜欢单独旅行。

I love being [to be] with her. 我喜欢与她在一起。

The baby continued to cry [crying] all night. 这孩子哭了一整夜。

Some people hate working [to work] in the early morning. 有些人不爱在清晨工作。

Don't bother to get [getting] dinner ready for me. 请不必费事为我准备饭了。

注:当 like, love, hate, prefer 与 would, should 连用时,其后只能接不定式。如:

I’d like drop in and see you tonight. 我想今晚来看你。

We would prefer to do it later. 我们宁愿以后做它。

另外,当 begin, start 本身为进行时态或后接 know, realize, understand 等静态动词时,其后的动词只能用不定式。如:

The river was beginning to run dry. 河水开始干涸了。

He started to realize that he was wrong. 他开始意识到自己错了。