中考英语涉及非谓语动词的考点归纳

发布时间:2022-04-29T12:23:50 英语语法

中考英语涉及非谓语动词的考点归纳

 

非谓语动词是中考英语的一个重点,也是一个难点。在各地的中考英语考题中,以下几类考点非常重要。

一、考查类似ask sb to do sth句式

可用于此类句式的动词不多,而中考英语经常涉及的则更是有限,主要的有有advise, ask, encourage, expect, get, help, invite, order, persuade, prefer, teach, tell, want, warn, wish等。如:

1. Our teacher often asks us________ questions in groups. (北京)

A. discuss  B. to discuss  C. discussing  D. discussed

答案为B。考查ask sb to do sth(叫某人做某事)。

2. Her mother always persuades her ________ her diet properly. (广东佛山)

A. to reduce           B. not to reduce          C. reduce

答案为A。考查persuade sb to do sth(说服某人做某事),其中的不定式为否定式,persuade sb not to do sth意思是“说服某人不要做某事”。

二、考查类似try to do sthtry doing sth

try to do sth 表示设法做某事

try doing sth 表示做某事试试看有什么效果

stop to do sth 表示停下来去做某事

stop doing sth 表示停止做正在做的事

remember to do sth 表示记住要做某事

remember doing sth 表示记住做过某事

forget to do sth 表示忘记要做某事

forget doing sth 表示忘记做过某事

1. —I didn’t hear you come in just now.

— That’s good. We tried ________ any noise, for you were sleeping. (广东省)

A. not make            B. not to make      C. to make          D. making

答案为B。try to do sth表示“设法做某事”,若其中的不定式为否定式,则为try not to do sth,其意为“设法不要做某事”。此题答句的意思是:那就好,我试着不要发出任何声音,因为你在睡觉。

2. I hope everyone can care about ________ the environment and stop ________ things. (海南)

A. protecting; wasting     B. protecting; to waste

C. protect; wasting     D. protect; to waste

答案为A。第一空填动名词,因为care about中的about是介词,而介词后通常要接动名词;第二空也填动名词,stop doing表示停止正在做的某事。句意为:我希望每个人能注意保护环境并且停止浪费东西。

 

三、考查类似enjoy doing sth的句式

当及物动词后面需要接另一个动词作宾语时,有些习惯上要用不定式,有些习惯上要用动名词,其中最典型的就是enjoy。在中考英语中比较重要的这类词有:advise, consider, enjoy, finish, give up, keep, mind, practice, put off, suggest等。如:

1. The retired couple enjoy________ photos. They always go out with their cameras.(上海)

A. take             B. took       C. to take     D. taking

答案为D。enjoy后接动词习惯上要用动名词。句意为:这对退休的夫妇很喜欢拍照。他们通常出去的时候都带着相机。

2. — Nick, would you mind ________ out of the bathroom?

— Sorry. I won’t be long. (福建福州)

A. come             B. to come     C. coming           D. comes

答案为C。mind 后接动词习惯上要用动名词。

 

四、考查used to do sthbe used to doing sth

used to do sth 表示过去常做某事

be used to doing sth 表示习惯于做某事

The Greens used to live in London and now they ________ in Beijing. (江苏扬州)

A. used to live    B. are used to live   C. are used to living    D. are used for living

答案为C。根据句意可推知,最佳答案是C。句意为:格林一家过去住在伦敦,现在他们已经习惯于住在北京。

 

五、考查spend time / money doing sth

英语中有两个表示“花费”的句式,注意它们所用的动词不同,所搭配的非谓语动词也不同:

Sb spends some time /some money (in) doing sth.

It takes somebody some time to do sth.

We spent much time ________ English last Sunday. (年黑龙江牡丹江)

A. to practice speaking   B. practicing to speak     C. practicing speaking

答案为C。此题有两个考点:一是考查practice后接动名词作宾语;二是考查 spend time doing sth句式。句意为:上个星期天我们花了很多时间练习说英语。

 

六、考查see sb doing sthsee sb do sth

see sb doing sth 表示看见某人正在做某事

see sb do sth表示看见某人做某事(强调看见了动词的全过程)

hear sb doing sth 表示听见某人正在做某事

hear sb do sth表示听见某人做某事(强调听见了动词的全过程)

When I walked past the park, I saw some old people ________ Chinese Taiji. (山东莱芜)

A. do  B. did  C. doing  D. are doing

答案为C。根据状语从句When I walked past the park(当我走过公园时)可知,这里是指走过公园时“正看见”,故选C。句意为:当我经过公园的时候,我看到一些老人在打中国太极拳。