-ever从句一定要用虚拟语气吗

发布时间:2022-04-28T17:08:27 英语语法

-ever从句一定要用虚拟语气吗

在whatever, whichever, whenever, whoever, wherever, however, no matter…等引导的让步状语从句中,从句谓语通常用陈语气,但有时也用虚拟语气。用虚拟语气主要表示不确定或没有把握等,这类用法主要有以下两类句式:

1. 使用may

指现在或将来,谓语用“may +动词原形”;指过去,谓语“may+动词完成式”。如:

We will find him wherever [no matter where] he may be. 无论他在哪里,我们都要找到他。

I will wait for him no matter how [however] late he may come. 不管他来的多么晚,我都会等他。

You mustn’t be proud whatever [no matter what] great progress you may have made. 不管你取得了多么大的进步,你也不能骄傲。

We must respect him no matter what [whatever] mistakes he may have made. 不管他犯过什么错误,我们必须尊敬他。

2. 使用与条件虚拟语气相似的句型

Whatever happened, I must be calm. 不管发生什么情况,我都必须镇静。

My contention is that the government’s plan would never have been successful whatever had happened. 我的论点是不论怎样,政府的计划是绝不会成功的。