通常用于被动结构的动词

发布时间:2022-04-27T11:33:50 英语语法

通常用于被动结构的动词

 

有很多及物动词常常用于被动结构(过去分词作形容词用的除外),例如:

be acclaimed             be alleged          be annihilated       be born

be dazed                   be dubbed          be fined              be headed

be horrified               be hospitalised    be indicted          be inundated

be jailed                    be overcome       be paralysed       be penalized

be perpetrated           be populated        be reconciled      be reprieved

be reunited                be rumoured        be scheduled      be shipped

be shipwrecked          be staffed            be stranded       be strewn

be suspended             be swamped         be wounded

用法举例

It was acclaimed as a great discovery. 那被赞誉为伟大的发现。

He is alleged to have kicked a policeman. 据称他曾踢过警察一脚。

The enemy was annihilated. 敌人被歼灭了。

The Owens will move to a new flat when their baby is born (或has been born). 孩子出生以后,欧文斯全家将搬到一套新的房间去住。

We first saw a documentary which was dubbed in English. 我们先看了一部英语配音的纪录片。

He was fined£500. Which we all thought served him right. 他被罚款500英镑。我们都认为他活该如此。

She is walking as if she doesn’t know where she is headed for. 她一直走着就好像漫无目的似的。

当然,它们用于主动语态也是完全可能的。如:

The people acclaimed him king. 人民拥戴他当国王。

They alleged out that they had been unjustly dismissed. 他们声称他们被不公平地解雇了。

They dubbed him Fatty because he was so fat. 他们管他叫“胖胖”,因为他很胖。

They fined him $25. 他们罚了他二十五美金。

Then we headed for home. 然后我们就往家走了。