will与would的用法

发布时间:2022-04-25T19:00:28 英语语法

willwould的用法

表示意志或意愿:决心,愿意,……好吗?

We will do our best to save the child. 我们会尽力抢救这个孩子。

I told her to stop crying, but she just wouldn’t listen. 我叫她别哭,可她就是不愿听。

注:表示请求、建议或征求对方意见时,用Would you…? 比用Will you…?更婉转。如:

Will/Would you please keep the door open?请让门开着好吗?

Will/Would you go with me?你愿意和我一起去吗?

表示真理或习惯:惯于,总是

Oil will float on water. 没总是浮在水面上。

She will listen to music alone in her room for hours. 他独自在房间里听音乐,一听往往就是几小时。

He would get up early when he lived in the country. 他住在乡下时总是早起。

表示要求:一定,必须

You will report to me afterward. 你稍后一定要向我报告。

表示猜测:可能,大概

This will be the house you’re looking for. 这大概就是你找的那所房子了。

I think he would accept the invitation. 我想他会接受邀请的。

表示功能:能

This auditorium will/would seat one thousand people. 这个礼堂能容纳一千人。

would like表示愿意

I would like to have a word with you. 我想同你说句话。

Would you like a cup of tea? 请你喝杯茶好吗?

would rather…than…宁愿……也不愿……

I would rather fail than cheat in the examination. 我宁愿考不及格,也不愿意考试作弊。

wouldused to的比较

(1) 两者都可以表示过去经常做某事,常可互换。如:

When I was young I used to/would get up early. 我年青时经常早起。

(2) 下列三种情况要用used to,不用would:

◇强调与现在的对比时;

◇在故事开头时;

◇与be, stay, belong, live, like , think, know等状态动词连用时。如:

He doesn’t work hard as he used to. 他不像以前那样努力了。

We used to swim every day when we were children. We would run down to the lake and jump in…我们小时候天天游泳。我们会跑到湖边,跳进水里……

They used to live here, didn’t they? 他们以前住在这里,是不是?

(3) 与时间段或与表示“有时”意义的sometimes, at times, now and then, from time to time等连用时,宜用would。如:

He would sit like that for hours. 他会像那样一坐就是几个钟。

Sometimes the boys would play a trick on the teacher. 有时孩子们会戏弄老师。