动词mean的重要用法与重要考点

发布时间:2022-04-24T11:44:54 英语语法

动词mean的重要用法与重要考点

1. 表示“打算”,主语只能是人,其后可接不定式,但不接动名词。如:

I mean to get to the top by sunrise. 我打算在日出时到达山顶。

Do forgive me—I didn’t mean to interrupt. 真对不起——我不是有意打扰你。

若表示过去未曾实现的打算,即表示本来打算做但并未做成的事,通常用过去完成时,有时在不引起误解的情况下也可用一般过去时。如:

We had meant to be early, but we got up too late. 我们本来想早点来的,但起床起迟了。

I (had) meant to come, but something happened. 我本想来,但有事就没有来。

以上意思有时也用“meant to have+过去分词”来表示。如:

I meant to have told you about it yesterday.=I had meant to tell you about it yesterday. 我本来打算昨天把这事告诉你的。

2. 表示“意味着”“需要”等,句子主语一般是事物(有时也可用 it, this, that 等),其后可接动名词,但不接不定式。如:

This illness will mean going to hospital. 得了这种病就意味着要住院。

He is determined to get a seat even if it means standing in a queue all night. 即使要整夜排队,他也决心要买到票。

比较并体会以下句子:

If we mean to catch the early bus, that means getting up before five. 要想赶早班车,我们就得在5点钟以前起床。

这样用时也可接后that从句作宾语。如:

This discovery means that we will spend less on food. 这一发现意味着我们将减少在食品上的花费。

注:当要解释词义时,其后可接不定式。如:

“Gaze” means to keep one’s eyes turned in a particular direction for a long time. gaze的意思是使视线长时间对着某方向。

3. 表示“有意义”“有价值”,通常与 much, little, a lot, a great deal, nothing, everything, anything 等词连用。如:

Money means nothing to me. 钱对我来说是无所谓的。

You don’t know how much you mean to me. 你不知道我多么喜欢你。