发布时间:2022-04-24T11:43:46 英语语法


1. 汉语的“同意某人做某事”,英语中不能直译为 agree sb to do sth, 而应根据情况改用其他结构。如:

He agreed to let me go home early. 他同意让我早些回家。

不能说:He agreed me go home early.

He agreed to my leaving early on Friday. 他同意我星期五一早走。

不能说:He agreed me to leave early on Friday.

2. 注意以下几个短语的用法(尤其注意其介词搭配):

(1) agree on / upon

① 取得一致意见,达成协议。主要指双方通过协商而意见一致。如:

We agreed on a price for the car. 我们就车价达成了一致意见。

We cannot agree on the budget estimate. 我们不能在概算问题上取得一致。

② 同意。其后通常接动名词,表示同意做某事。如:

Tom agreed on helping us. 汤姆同意帮助我们。

He agreed on lending us some money. 他同意借给我们一些钱。

(2) agree to

① 同意(打算等)。主要指同意某一打算、安排、计划等。如:

We agreed to their arrangement. 我们同意了他们的安排。

She agreed to marriage. 她同意结婚。

② 同意或接受(建议等)。其后尤其接suggestion, plan, proposal等名词,与accept同义。如:

Do you think he will agree to my suggestion? 你认为他会接受我的建议吗?

We are glad to agree to your plan. 我们很高兴同意你方的计划。

③ 同意(做某事)。其后既可接动词原形(to是不定式符号),也可接动名词(一般有逻辑主语,to是介词)。如:

He agree to go with us. 他同意和我们一起去。

I never agreed to Mary marrying him. 我从来没同意玛丽嫁给他。

(3) agree with

① 同意。主要指同意某人,或同意某人的意见、想法、解释等。如:

John agrees with this idea. 约翰同意这个想法。

I agree with you about his latest book—it’s awful. 我同意你对他那本新书的意见——很糟糕!

② 对……适宜。主要指食物、天气、工作等方面的适宜。如:

The weather doesn’t agree with me. 这种天气对我不适宜。

I love prawns, but unfortunately they don’t agree with me. 我喜欢吃对虾,但遗憾的是吃了会不舒服。

③ 与……一致。如:

What he does does not agree with what he says. 他言行不一致。

A verb must agree with its subject in person and number. 动词必须和它的主语在人称和数方面保持一致。