choose sth与choose from sth的区别

发布时间:2022-04-24T11:43:43 英语语法

choose sthchoose from sth的区别

有网友在“英语答疑网”上问:

一本书上说下面各句中的from习惯上不能省略:

There are plenty of restaurants to choose from. 有很多餐馆可供选择。

There are several different models to choose from. 有好几个模型可供选择。

There was a vast array of colors to choose from. 有各种各样的颜色可供选择。

请问:choose from 是习惯搭配吗?  我怎么在词典没有查到这样的习惯搭配啊?

求解答,谢谢!

原问题见:ask/q.asp?id=733

针对该问题解答如下:

一、choose sth choose from sth 在意思上的区别

choose sth 选择某物,挑选某事

choose from sth 从某物中作出选择,从某物中进行挑选

二、不同搭配所对应的不同意思

联系网友所给出的三个例句,请比较并体会以下实例:

实例一

choose a restaurant 选择一家餐馆

choose some restaurants 选择一些餐馆

choose from some restaurants 从一些餐馆中作出选择(进行挑选)

但不宜说:choose from a restaurant(因为当只有一个时,就不能说从其“当中”去选择)

实例二

choose a model 选择一个模型

choose three models 选择三个模型

choose from three models 从三个模型中作出选择(进行挑选)

但不宜说:choose from a model(因为当只有一个时,就不能说从其“当中”去选择)

实例三

choose a color 选择一种颜色

choose four colors 选择四种颜色

choose from four colors 从四种颜色中作出选择(进行挑选)

但不宜说:choose from a color(因为当只有一种时,就不能说从其“当中”去选择)

实例四

choose a partner 选择一名搭档

choose five partners 选择五名搭档

choose from five partners 从五名搭档中作出选择(进行挑选)

但不宜说:choose from a partner(因为当只有一个时,就不能说从其“当中”去选择)

 

三、choose后搭配的介词

choose的意思是“选择”“选中”“选定”等,要表示“从……选择”,其后通常接介词from。又如:

——choose from 在句末

There are plenty of vegetarian dishes to choose from. 有多道素菜可供选择。

There are several patchwork cushions to choose from. 有好几种拼布工艺靠垫可供选择。

People had very few amusements to choose from. There was no radio, or television.人们几乎没有什么消遣可以选择。没有广播,也没有电视。

——choose from 在句中

Students can choose from a wide range of options. 学生可以从众多的选修课中选择。

They will choose from a shortlist of seven candidates. 他们将在7 个候选人中进行选择。

It is difficult to choose from the vast array of wines on offer. 很难从这么多种葡萄酒中作出选择。

Customers can choose from sixty hit titles before buying. 顾客可以从60种热卖图书中选购。

Students choose from optional subjects in addition to the core curriculum. 除了核心课程外,学生们还选择选修课。

Choose from over 100 golf packages in our brochure. 请从我们手册中的100 多个高尔夫球假日旅游套餐中做选择。

▲其实除了介词from外,有时也用 among, between 等(也都是表示“从……当”作选择)。如:

Citizens were forced to choose among candidates from one ruling party. 公民被迫从一个执政党的候选人中进行选择。

I had to choose between the two jobs. 我得在这两项工作中作出选择。

He had to choose between giving up his job and giving up his principles. He chose the former. 他得在放弃工作和放弃原则之间作出选择。他选择了前者。

四、choose后不接介词的例句

以下句子中choose后面没有接介词,注意体会其含义:

Choose a card at random from the deck. 从这副牌里随便选一张。

Choose the image you want by clicking twice. 双击选中你想要的图像。

I helped my sister choose a name for her baby. 我帮姐姐给她的宝宝取了个名。

We looked at sample books to choose the furniture fabric. 我们翻看样本册挑选傢具布料。

We have to choose a colour scheme for the dining room. 我们得给饭厅选一种搭配的颜色。

The teacher asked the students to choose a partner for the next activity. 教师让学生为下一个活动选择搭档。

■大家现在该知道为什么前面那几个句子中的 from 不能省略了吧!这不是习惯问题,而意思是否合理的问题。