发布时间:2022-04-24T11:43:35 英语语法


1. 为及物动词,注意不要漏掉其后必要的宾语。如:


误:My wallet is missing. I just discovered.

正:My wallet is missing. I just discovered it.

2. 表示“发现”某一具体的东西,后接名词或代词作宾语。如:

William Roentgen discovered X-rays. 威廉·伦琴发现x射线。

Columbus discovered America in 1492. 哥伦布于1492年发现美洲。

3. 表示“发现”某一情况,其后的宾语可以是:

(1) 名词或代词。如:

On arriving home I discovered the burglary. 我一到家就发现家中被盗。

Newton discovered the principle of universal gravitation. 牛顿发现了万有引力定律。

(2) 动名词的复合宾语。如:

We discovered her to be a good cook. 我们发现她菜做得很好。

He discovered her sitting near the fire, reading a book. 他发现她坐在炉火边看书。

有时也接不定式的复合结构,但该不定式通常为to be;若为其他动词,则通常为完成式(注意有时使用被动语态)。如:

She was discovered to be pregnant. 人们发现她怀孕了。

He was later discovered to have been a spy. 后来发现他原来是间谍。

(3) 疑问词+不定式。如:

I couldn’t discover how to use it. 我不知道如何去用它。

We never discovered how to open the box. 我们从未找到打开这只箱子的办法。

(4) 从句。如:

We discovered that we were on the wrong train. 我们发觉上错了火车。

Do you ever discover who sent you the flowers? 你发没发现谁给你送的花?

We have never discovered what took place that night. 我们从未发觉那天晚上发生了什么事情。