begin惯用法小议

发布时间:2022-04-24T11:42:53 英语语法

begin惯用法小议

1. 表示开始做某事,其后的动词可用不定式也可用动名词。如:

When did you begin to learn [learning] French? 你什么时候开始学法语?

Hearing the news she began to cry [crying]. 听到这消息她就哭了。

注:当 begin 后接的是表示心里活动的动词(如 think, realize,

understant 等)或 begin 本身为 -ing 形式时,其后通常要接不定式而不接动名词。如:

It is beginning to rain. 开始下雨了。

She began to understand. 她开始明白了。

2. 汉语说“从……开始”,英语一般不用 begin from,  而应根据具体情况选用适当的介词。如:

Our journey began at Changsha. 我们的旅行从长沙开始。

The sports meet begins on Monday. 运动会从星期一开始。

3. begin 作为终止性动词,学生在很多地方容易出错。如:

音乐会已开始半小时了。

误:The concert has begun for half an hour.

正:The concert has been on for half an hour.

三点钟下雨了。

误:It rained at three o’clock.

正:It began to rain at three o’clock.

比较:It was raining at three o’clock.