发布时间:2022-04-24T11:42:38 英语语法



1. 用作动词,表示“浪费”,注意以下句型与结构:

(1) 用于 waste time (money) on [over, upon] sth,表示“在……方面浪费时间(金钱)”。如:

I don’t think we need waste much time on this. 我想我们不必在这上面


Don’t waste any more time over it. 不要再在这上面浪费时间了。

(2) 用于 waste time (money) (in, on) doing sth,表示“浪费时间(金钱)做某事”。如:

She wasted her time and money (on) paying bribes. 她将时间和金钱浪费于贿赂。

We wasted a whole afternoon (in) trying to repair the car. 我们浪费了整整一下午的时间想把汽车修理好。

waste 之后也可接除 time, money 之外的名词作宾语。如:

Don’t waste your efforts on helping him. 不要白费力气去帮他。

I’m not going to waste any more words on the subject. 我不想在这个问题上多费唇舌了。

2. waste也可用作名词,表示“浪费”,不可数,但可连用不定冠词。如:

The policy is aimed at reducing waste. 这项政策旨在减少浪费。

It’s a waste of time your talking to him. 你和他谈话是白费时间。

It was mere waste of breath to argue with him. 和他辩论不过是白费气力。


Waste from the body passes out from the bowels. 身体中的废物由肠道排出。

Industrial waste must be prevented from polluting our rivers. 必须阻止工业废料污染我们的江河。

Where do you put your kitchen waste? 你把厨房里的垃圾放在哪里?

3. 有时还可用作形容词,表示“无用的”“废弃的”等。如:

He threw it away, thinking it was waste paper. 他把它扔掉,以为它是废纸。

He made a considerable fortune selling waste materials. 他靠卖废料发了大财。