以a-开头的形容词用法新探·asleep

发布时间:2022-04-22T12:05:48 英语语法

a-开头的形容词用法新探·asleep

一、asleep的用法

1. 睡着; 睡熟 (not awake; sleeping)

(1) 作表语。例如:

The baby was sound asleep (= sleeping deeply) upstairs.  婴儿在楼上睡得很香。

I waited until they were all fast asleep (= sleeping deeply). 我一直等到他们睡熟。

(2) 作宾语补足语。例如:

The police found him asleep in a garage.警察发现他在车库里睡着了。

(3) 作状语。例如:

Half asleep, he felt the horse's nose push against his face.睡意朦胧中,他觉得马的鼻子挨在他的脸上推动。

2. (指四肢)麻木;发麻,;麻痹 ((of limbs) having no feeling; numb)

作表语 。例如:

When I woke my left arm was asleep. 我醒来时我的左臂麻木了。

二、asleep的搭配

1. be / lie / seem asleep。例如:

The baby lay peacefully asleep in its pram. 婴儿躺在婴儿车安静地睡着了。

2. drop / fall asleep。例如:

I fell asleep almost immediately. 我几乎立刻就睡着了。

3. remain / stay asleep。例如:

Only he has remained asleep, while you have awakened; and who knows which of you is the most fortunate? 只是他仍睡着,而您却已醒来了,谁知道你们之中哪一个更幸福呢?

4. deeply / fast / heavily / sound asleep。例如:

The children were all sound asleep in bed. 孩子们都在床上熟睡了。

5. almost / half / nearly asleep。例如:

She dragged herself out of bed, still half asleep. 她挣扎着起了床,犹自睡眼惺松。

6. peacefully / still asleep。例如:

“Has he woken up yet?” “No, he's still asleep.” “他醒了吗?”“没有,他还在睡。”
三、辨析:sleepy, asleepsleeping

1. sleepy

sleepy 最常用词,指人昏昏欲睡,或沉睡时的寂静状态。既可作表语,又可作定语。作表语时,作“困倦”、“想睡觉”解,用作定语时, 作“贪睡”、“寂静的”解。例如:

The children fell sleepy; put them to bed. 孩子们困了,把他们放到床上睡吧。

John is a sleepy head. 约翰是个贪睡的人。

Here are the outskirts/suburbs of Kowloon. Do you like this sleepy valley?这里是九龙的郊区。你喜欢这寂静的山谷吗?

2. asleep

asleep是表语形容词,在句中放在verb “to be”之后;它不能放在名词之前,例如我们不可以说:Look at the asleep baby,应把 asleep 改为 sleeping。例如:

She was fast asleep;I couldn't wake her up. 她睡得很熟,我喊不醒她。

The old man has fallen asleep. 那个老人睡着了。

注意,be asleep 是指“睡着”的状态,如果表示“入睡”的意味,就要用fall asleep。上面两个例句反映了这个区别。

3. sleeping

sleeping是定语形容词,它放在它所修饰的名词之前。例如:

Who is that sleeping man? 那个在睡觉的人是谁?

Keep an eye on the sleeping baby. 照看好那个在睡觉的婴孩。

如果 sleeping 放在verb “to be”之后,例如 He is sleeping. 此处的 sleeping 不是形容词,而是动词,is sleeping 是现在进行时。