worth, worthy, worthwhile的用法区别

发布时间:2022-04-22T12:04:37 英语语法

worth, worthy, worthwhile的用法区别

三者均可表示“值得的”,其区别如下:

1. 从句法功能上看,worth 通常只用作表语,不用于名词前作定语;worthy 和 worthwhile 可用作表语和定语。如:

It isn’t worth the trouble. 不值得费那个事。

He is a worthy gentleman. 他是位值得尊敬的绅士。

His behaviour is worthy of great praise. 他的行为值得高度赞扬。

They achieved a very worthwhile result. 他们取得了很有价值的成果。

We had a long wait, but it was worthwhile because we got the tickets. 我们等了很久,但还算值得,因为我们把票买到了。

2. 从所使用的修饰语来看,worth 习惯上不用 very 修饰(要表示类似意思可用 well),而 worthy 和 worthwhile 则可以用副词修饰。如:

That is very worthy of our attention. 那件事很值得我们注意。

Nursing is a very worthwhile career. 护理工作是很值得干的职业。

但习惯上不说:The work is very worth doing. (very 应改为 well)

3. 从结构搭配来看:

(1) be worth 后可直接跟名词、代词、动名词(该动名词用主动形式表示被动意义),但不能后接不定式。如:

The picture is worth $ 500. 这幅画值 500 美元。

The book is worth reading. / It’s worth reading the book. 这本书值得读。

注意不说:The book is worth to read. / The book is worth being read.

(2) be worthy 后不能直接跟名词、代词或动名词,若要接,应借助介词 of ,也可后接不定式。如:

Their efforts are worthy of your support. 他们的努力应得到你的支持。  He is worthy to receive such honour. 他应该得到这种荣誉。

This suggestion is worthy to be considered. 这个建议值得考虑。(注意:此句中的不定式要用被动形式表示被动意义)

(3) be worthwhile 后接动名词或不定式均可。如:

It is worthwhile buying the dictionary. 这本词典值得买。(其中的 worthwhile 也可换成 worth)

It is worthwhile to discuss the plan again. 这个计划值得再讨论一次。( 其中的 worthwhile 不能换成 worth,因为其后接用了不定式)

4. 在很多情况下,同一个意思可用几种不同的形式表达。如:

那个地方值得一去。

正:The place is worth a visit.

正:The place is worthy of a visit.

正:The place is worth visiting.

正:It is worth visiting the place.

正:The place is worthy of being visited.

正:The place is worthy to be visited.

正:It is worthwhile visiting the place.

正:It is worthwhile to visit the place.