引导目的状语从句和结果状语从句的连词

发布时间:2022-04-22T10:46:55 英语语法

引导目的状语从句和结果状语从句的连词

一、引导目的状语从句的连词

引导目的状语从句的从属连词主要有 in order that, so that, in case, for fear等。如:

He studied hard in order that he could pass the exam. 他努力学习以便能考试及格。

Speak clearly so that they may understand you. 讲清楚些,以便他们能理解你。

I always keep a bottle of wine by in case friends call round. 我平时总存着一瓶酒以备朋友来时喝。

She worried for fear that the child would be hurt. 她很忧虑,怕孩子会受伤。

注意:in case既可引导条件状语从句,也可引导目的状语从句,但意思不同:表示条件时,意为“如果”“万一”;表示目的时,意为“以防”“以免”。

二、引导结果状语从句的连词

引导结果状语从句的从属连词主要有so that, so…that, such…that等。如:

He studied hard so that he passed the exam. 他学习用功,所以考试通过了。

He was so angry that he couldn't speak. 他气得话都说不出来。

He shut the window with such force that the glass broke. 他关窗子用力很大,结果玻璃震破了。

注意,当so…that…中的“so+形容词或副词”置于句首时,其后要用倒装语序。如:

So easy was the task that he finished it in a few days. 工作很容易,他几天就完成了。

So fast does light travels that it is difficult for to imagine its speed. 光传播如此之快,以致我们难以想像它的速度。