介词宾语的两个易错点

发布时间:2022-04-21T11:08:36 英语语法

介词宾语的两个易错点

介词的宾语主要是名词和代词,但要注意以下几点:

1. 动词作宾语:动词作介词的宾语原则上要用动名词。如:

He went back to London without having achieved any success. 他毫无成就地回到伦敦。

但是,表示“除……外”的介词 except, but 后通常接不定式作宾语,且这个不定式有时带to(若其前没有动词do),有时不带 to(若其前有动词do)。如:

I had no choice but to wait. 除了等,我没有别的选择。

She was willing to do anything except tell me her nane. 她怎么都行,就是不肯把她的名字告诉我。

2. 从句作宾语:能用作介词宾语的从句是以指疑问句开头的句子。如:

She is sorry for what she said. 她对她所说的话表示歉意。

We talked about how we could cooperate. 我们谈到该怎样合作。

注意,that从句通常不能用作介词宾语,遇此情况应在介词后加上 the fact。如:

They were worried over the fact that you were sick. 他们为你生病发愁。(其中的 the fact 不可省略)

但是,表示“除……外”的介词 except, but 后可直接跟 that 从句。如:

This suit fits me well except that the trousers are too long. 这套衣服我穿很合适,只是裤子太长。