介词 by 表示“由……写（作、著）”等的用法说明
用法一：介词 by 表示“由……写（作、著）”，可视为 written by 之省略。又如：
It’s a play (written) by Shakespeare. 那是莎士比亚(写)的剧本。
I haven’t read any books by Tolstoy. 我没看过托尔斯泰的书。
She recited a poem by Goethe. 她朗诵了歌德的一首诗。
I was reading a novel by Hemingway. 我在看一本海明威的小说。
That reminded her of a play by Tchekov. 这使她想起契诃夫的一个剧本。
I would like to borrow a copy of “David Copperfield” by Dickens. 我想借一本狄更斯的《大卫·科波菲尔》。
用法二：如果是针对画作而言，则可视为 painted by 之省略。如：
Is this a painting by Picasso? 这是毕加索的画吗?
Are these drawings by Goya? 这些是戈雅的画吗?
Were there many pictures by British artists? 英国画家的作品多吗?
Have you seen the exhibition of paintings by Picasso? 你参观过毕加索的画展吗?
My grandfather had among his possessions a portrait by Matisse. 我祖父有一幅马蒂斯画的肖像画。
用法三：如果是针对曲作而言，则可视为 composed by 之省略。如：
He played us a piece by Chopin. 他给我们演奏了萧邦的一首乐曲。
The next selection is by Mozart. 下面的乐章选自莫扎特的作品。
The child stumbled through a piece by Chopin. 那孩子演奏萧邦的曲子很不流畅。
She ended her concert with three songs by Schubert. 她唱了舒伯特的3首歌来结束她的音乐会。