关于介词兼作副词与连词

发布时间:2022-04-21T11:07:52 英语语法

关于介词兼作副词与连词

1. 介词兼作副词

英语中有一些介词可以兼作副词,这种介词通常被称作小品词,比较常见的有:above, about, across, along, before, behind, below, besides, by, down, in, near, off, on, over, past, round, since, through, under, up等。这些词有时也称为副词小品词。请比较下面的例子:

Put your hat on. 把帽子戴上。(on为副词)

Let’s sit on the grass. 咱们坐在草地上。(on为介词)

Don’t knock the vase over. 别把花瓶碰倒了。(over为副词)

Spread a cloth over the table. 在桌上铺一块桌布。(over为介词)

He went up in the lift. 他乘电梯上去了。(up为副词)

He ran up the stairs. 他跑上楼梯。(up为介词)

I haven’t been away from home before. 我从前没离开过家。(before为副词)

Don’t talk like that before children. 在孩子面前不要这样讲话。(before为介词)

2. 介词兼作连词

英语中有少数介词可以兼作连词,比较常见的有after, before, since, till, until等。如:

After lunch it began to rain. 午饭后开始下雨。(after为介词)

After you finish the letter show it to me.信写完后给我看看。(after为连词)

You must come home before dark. 你必须在天黑前回家。(before为介词)

I always bathe before I go to bed. 我睡觉前总要洗个澡。(before为连词)

I have been here since last week. 我从上周起一直在这里。(since为介词)

She has had another baby since I saw her last. 从上次我见到她以来,她又生了一个孩子。(since为连词)