“动词+介词to”的常见搭配

发布时间:2022-04-21T11:07:22 英语语法

“动词+介词to”的常见搭配  

add (…) to 增加,给……增加(添加)

This adds to our difficulties. 这增加了我们的困难。

He added the wood to the fire. 他给火添加木柴。

It adds to my pleasure to see you here today. 今天在这里见到你我格外高兴。  

admit to 承认

He admitted to the murder. 他供认了谋杀罪。

He admitted to having taken the money. 他承认拿了那笔钱。

【注】有时可省略其中的介词 to。如:

He admitted (to) opening my letter. 他承认拆过我的信。

agree to 同意  

He agreed to the plan (the date). 他同意了这个计划(日期)。

We agreed to their arrangement. 我们同意了他们的安排。

I was forced to agree to it, but at heart I didn’t quite agree with it. 我被迫答应,但内心并不完全同意。

amount to 等于,共计,共达

The cost amounted to $500. 费用共达500美元。

His remarks amounted to criticism of me. 他的话等于是批评我。

This amounts to cheating her. 这等于是欺骗她。  

apologize to 向……道歉

Apologize to your sister. 去给你姐姐赔个不是。

I’ve come to apologize to you. 我来向你道歉。  

apply to 向……申请(请求);适合于;运用到

He applied to them for help. 他向他们求助。

What you said doesn’t apply to me. 你说的不适合我。

You can’t apply this rule to every case. 你不能将这条规则运用到所有的情况。

compare … to 把……比作

Life is compared to voyage. 人生好比航海。

Shakespeare compared the world to a stage. 莎士比亚把世界比作舞台。

devote … to 把……奉献给,致力于

He devoted himself entirely to music. 他把自己完全献给音乐。

He devoted his life to promoting world peace. 他一生致力于促进世界和平。

lead (…) to 通往;把……领往

All roads lead to   Rome  . 条条道路通罗马。

The girl led her little brother to school. 那个女孩领小弟弟去上学。

Chance led him to   London  . 偶然的机会使他来到了伦敦。

limit … to 把……限制在(到)

Try to limit your talk to ten minutes. 请尽量把话在10分钟内讲完。

I shall limit myself to three aspects of the subject. 我仅探讨这一问题的三个方面。

You ought to limit your activities to recording the facts. 你的活动应限制在记录事实的范围内。

listen to 听,听信

They refused to listen to the old man’s counsel. 他们不听老人的劝告。

He would rather listen to others than talk himself. 他宁愿听别人谈而不愿自己谈。

object to 反对,不喜欢

He objects to being treated like a child. 他讨厌被当成小孩子看待。

Some members of the committee objected to our proposal. 有些委员反对我们的提案。

occur to 想到,想起

An idea has occurred to me. 我有主意了。

It never occurred to her to ask anyone. 她从未想到问问他人。

owe … to 把……归(功)于;欠

I owe my life to you. 全亏你我才能活下来。

She owes her success to hard work. 她把成功归因于辛勤工作。

Pam still owes 5 dollars to me. 帕姆还欠我5美元。

I owe an apology to him. 我应该向他道歉。

prefer … to 喜欢……胜过,喜欢……而不喜欢

I prefer tea to coffee. 我喜欢茶胜过咖啡。

He prefers watching football to playing it. 他喜欢看足球胜过玩足球。

present … to 赠送……给;向……引见

They presented a sum of money to the college in memory of their son. 他们向学院赠送了一笔款项以纪念他们的儿子。

May I present my new assistant to you? 请允许我向你介绍我的新助手。

propose to 向……求婚

He proposed to her on bended knee. 他跪着向她求婚。

We’ve been going out for a long time but he still hasn’t proposed to me. 我们已经交往了好一段时间,但他还没有向我求婚。

refer (…) to查阅,查看,参考;提及,提到;有关,针对,适用于;将……提交给某人或机构;归因于,归功于

The speaker often referred to his notes. 演讲者常看他的笔记。

The writer referred to his unhappy childhood in his book. 作者在他的书中提到他悲伤的童年。

The new law doesn’t refer to land used for farming. 新法律不适用于农田。

She referred the matter to the European court of Justice. 她把这个问题提交给欧洲法院。

He referred his success to the good education he had had. 他认为自己的成功是由于受过良好的教育。

relate to 涉及,关系到;同……有关;与……处得好(相适应);理解;向……叙述

These proposals relate only to agricultural land. 这些建议仅与农业用地有关。

The cost relates directly to the amount of time spent on the job. 成本与这项工作所费的时间直接有关。

Mother will never relate to the city life. 妈妈总也适应不了城市生活。

She doesn’t relate very well to her mother. 她和她母亲关系不太融洽。

Some adults can’t relate to children. 有些成年人不理解儿童的想法。

He related to his wife some amusing stories about his employer. 他向妻子叙述有关他雇主的一些趣事。

reply to 回答,作答;还击

She has never replied to my letter. 她不曾回我的信。

The enemy replied to our fire. 敌人向我方还击。

see to 负责,照料;准备

Will you see to the plants while I’m away? 我不在的时候请你帮我照料这些植物好吗?

Can you see to the sandwiches for the meeting, please? 你为会议准备三明治好吗?

stick to 粘贴在……上;信守,遵守;紧跟;坚持,不改变

The young rider stuck to the back of the terrified horse. 年轻的骑手紧贴在那匹受惊马的背上。

He was a man who stuck t his friends. 他是一个忠于朋友的人。

Stick to me and you won’t get lost. 紧跟我你就不会迷路了。

I think we should stick to our original plan. 我想我们应该坚持最初的计划。