“a whole+ n.”与“the whole+n.”有何区别

发布时间:2022-04-20T12:46:03 英语语法

a whole+ n.”与“the whole+n.”有何区别

区别一:a whole+n”表泛指或不确指,“the whole+n”表特指或确指。比较并体会:
He ate a whole chicken! 他吃了整整一只鸡。
He ate the whole chicken by himself. 他一个人吃了这整整一只鸡。
They travelled for a whole year. 他们旅游了整整一年。
They have been travelling for the whole year. 他们这整整一年都在旅游。
I waited a whole week for him to answer. 我等他的回音等了整整一个星期。
I waited the whole week for him to answer. 我那整整一个星期都在等他的回音。

区别二:由于不可数名词前不能使用不定冠词,所以也就不能使用a whole;但能这样用的名词并不多,常见的有time, truth, energy等。如:
He works the whole time. 他总是在工作。
Tell me the whole truth. 把实情一五一十都告诉我。
Although technically speaking you may not have lied, you certainly haven't told us the whole truth. 尽管严格来说你没算撒谎,但肯定你并没把实情都告诉我们。

区别三:有些名词在表示特定意思时其前必须要用定冠词,此时也只能用the whole,不用a whole,否则意思就变了。如:
Soon the whole school knew about her win. 不久,全校师生都知道她获胜了。
Soon the whole town was talking about it. 不久镇上的人就都谈论起这件事了。