物质名词和抽象名词前何时用或不用冠词

发布时间:2022-04-20T12:45:59 英语语法

物质名词和抽象名词前何时用或不用冠词

有这样一道试题:

The teacher said ________snow is white,but ________ snow on the road is red. Why?

A. the,the                        B. ×,×                        C. the,×                        D. ×,the

此题应选D,容易误选B,误认为:snow是物质名词,其前永远不用冠词。

在通常情况下,物质名词和抽象名词在表示一般概念(即泛指)时,不用冠词(即使有描绘性定语修饰也不用冠词)。但是如果物质名词和抽象名词不是表示一般概念,而是表示某一特定内容(尤其是有一限定性定语修饰)时,或当它们表示“一种”、“一场”、“一份”等意思时,则可以加冠词。试做以下试题:

(1) I like to eat ________fish,but ________fish I ate last night made me sick.

  A. the; the    B. ×; ×     C. the; ×     D. ×; the

(2) ________ air is necessary to life,but ________ air around here is not fresh.

  A. the; the    B. ×; ×     C. the; ×     D. ×; the

(3) A:Do you like to listen to _________ music?

B:It all depends. In fact I only like ________ music by Mozart.

  A. the; the    B. ×; ×     C. the; ×     D. ×; the

(4) A:He has no sense of ________ humour.

B:No,you didn’t catch ________ humour in his remark.

  A. the; the    B. ×; ×     C. the; ×     D. ×; the

   答案:1. D 2. D 3. D 4. D