发布时间:2022-04-16T14:56:21 英语语法



1. 表示做某事的目的,通常用 the purpose of 的结构。如:

What was the purpose of his visit? 他来访的目的是什么?

He came here with [for] the purpose of seeing his family. 他来这里的目的是探亲。

若 purpose 前用了物主代词,则通常连用介词 in。如:

What is your purpose in being here? 你在这儿干什么?

Her purpose in going to Japan is to look for her uncle. 她去日本的目的是找她叔叔。

以下结构也用介词 in。如:

I have a purpose in making this trip to Europe. 我这次欧洲之行是有目的的。

2. 表示为了某种目的,通常用 for…purposes(其中的 purpose通常用复数)。如:

He keeps a horse for pleasure purposes. 他为消遣而养马。

He learns Japanese for business purposes. 他学习日语是为做生意。

类似的例子有:for medical purposes(为了医学的目的),for defence purposes(为了防御之目的),for scientific purposes(为了科学的目的),English for commercial purposes(商业英语)等。

3. 用于 on purpose, 意为“有意地”“故意地”。如:

I came here on purpose to see you. 我是特意来看你的。

She broke the dish on purpose just to show her anger. 她故意打破碟子以表示她的愤怒。

4. 用于to little (no, some) purpose,表示“几乎徒劳(毫无成效,有一定效果)地”。如:

Money has been invested in the scheme to very little purpose. 资金已投入那计划中却几无成效。

We spoke to little purpose. His mind was clearly made up already. 我们说的话不起作用,他显然早已下定决心了。