with引导的伴随状语

发布时间:2022-07-21T10:52:40 英语学习

一、with引导的伴随状语用法及例句

1.“with+名词/代词+介词短语”.

The man was walking on the street,with a book under his arm.(那人在街上走着,腋下夹着一本书.)2.“with+名词/代词+形容词”.With the weather so close and stuffy,ten to one it’ll rain presently.天气这么闷热,十之八九要下雨.3.“with+名词/代词+副词”.The square looks more beautiful than even with all the light on.所有的灯亮起来,广场看起来更美.4.“with+名词/代词+名词”.He left home,with his wife a hopeless soul.他走了,妻子十分伤心.5.“with+名词/代词+done”.在此结合中,过去分词和宾语是被动关系,表示动作已经完成.With this problem solved,neomycin 1 is now in regular production.随着这个问题的解决,新霉素一号现在已经正式产生.6.“with+名词/代词+-ing分词”.此结构强调名词是-ing分词的动作的发出者或某动作、状态正在进行.He felt more uneasy with the whole class staring at him.全班同学看着他,他感到更不自然了.7.“with+宾语+to do”.此结构中,不定式和宾语是被动关系,表示尚未发生的动作.So in the afternoon,with nothing to do,I went on a round of the bookshops.由于下午无事可做,我就去书店转了转。

二、with其他特殊的用法

1. 表示方式、手段或工具等,如:with a car 用卡车

2. 与某些抽象名词连用时,其作用相当于一个副词with care=carefully 认真地with kindness=kindly 亲切地

3. 表示条件时,根据情况可与虚拟语气连用With more money I would be able to buy it. 要是钱多一点,我就买得起了。